Depending on whether a drain is completely blocked or simply in need of basic cleaning, individuals can use a variety of tools, including pipe snakes, liquid de-cloggers and even baking soda, to clean drains. Often, they can remove clogs without needing to call a plumber even when the problem requires dismantling a pipe.
For clogged sink drains, individuals can insert a pipe snake, which is a thin piece of metal that is often bent at the end, into the drain. Then, they move and twist the pipe snake to catch foreign objects, which they can then remove from the drain. For severe clogs, they may need to dismantle pipe beneath the sink, which they can do by hand. They should first place a bucket beneath any pipe they intend to take apart to catch built-up water or objects.
To remove odors from a drain, pour a pot of boiling water down the drain, and follow it with 1/2 cup of baking soda. Let the baking soda sit for several minutes before then pouring a mixture of 1 cup hot water and 1 cup white vinegar down the drain. Let this mixture sit in the drain for at least five minutes before flushing the drain with another pot of boiling water.