When choosing wood house siding, evaluate different types and profiles of siding that are available. Five main types of wood siding include pine, spruce, fir, cedar and redwood. These types differ in cost, upkeep and appearance. Pine siding is the least expensive type of wooden siding, but it is difficult to maintain, as it isn't water-resistant. It is difficult to find long panels of spruce siding that don't have knots in them, and this material needs to be sealed frequently.
Fir siding usually comes in many profiles and it is relatively affordable; however, it also requires constant care. Cedar siding doesn't rot, and there are generally very few problems with swelling and splits, but this siding is more expensive and requires care to protect the wood from insects. Redwood can be relatively cheap in the western United States. In addition, it isn't difficult to maintain, and it is easy to stain and paint.
The most popular wood siding profiles are shingles, shakes, board-and-batten and drop channel. A unique quality of shingles is that they are easy to cut into a variety of patterns. Shakes are a more classical choice, but they are also available in many styles. Board-and-batten is a distinctive pattern that consists of wide boards and narrow ones on top of them. With drop channel siding, wood panels overlap on the edges to create shadows.