Before planting grass, test the pH of the lawn, and strip all weeds from the property by removing the top layer of soil. After the grass is established, water it deeply once per week, and mow the grass with the lawnmower set on the highest setting. Fertilize the lawn in the spring and autumn with a complete fertilizer, and apply a layer of dolomitic lime every few years if necessary.
Fertilizers and watering can change the pH of the lawn. Test the pH on a regular basis, and apply the appropriate product to amend the soil. If weeds are an issue, apply a lime product that contains a seven to one ratio of calcium to magnesium to prohibit weed growth. To prevent crabgrass growth, apply a pre-emergent herbicide several days after the soil reaches a temperature of 56 degrees Fahrenheit.
To promote grass growth in the spring, apply a 1/2-inch layer of fully decomposed compost to the lawn, and rake the lawn after applying the compost. When planting grass seed, consult with a local greenhouse or gardening expert to determine which types of grass grow best in the region. To reduce stress on the lawn, sharpen the mower blade after every eight to 12 hours of use.