Indicators of a full septic tank include slow moving drains, unpleasant odors and swampy ground surrounding the tank or drain field. Servicing the tank at regular intervals, before these signs develop, helps to ensure the tank provides long-term useful service.Continue Reading
Waste from the home drains into the tank, where it separates into three layers. A sludge layer of materials heavier than water forms on the bottom of the tank. A scum layer of fats and grease forms on top. Between the scum and sludge is the working volume of the tank, composed primarily of water. When the layers of solid material begin to fill the tank, they leak back into the drain line from the home, causing clogs, sewer gas odors in the home or drain field failure. Water on top of the ground is an indicator the drain field is failing.
Homeowners who use septic systems should take steps to protect the tank. Water conservation helps to reduce stress on the system. Flushing household waste such as diapers, pet litter, cooking grease and excess food increases the buildup of solid materials and the frequency of pumping. Drain cleaners and other household chemicals interfere with the natural biological action in the tank.Learn more about Plumbing
A septic tank is the component of a septic sewage treatment system that holds waste water long enough to allow solids to settle out. Its capacity is measured in gallons. A 1,500-gallon septic tank will hold 1,500 gallons of sewage.Full Answer >
According to HomeAdvisor, the average reported cost to clean or pump a septic tank is $437 as of 2014. The pricing ranges from a minimum of $200 to a maximum of $800.Full Answer >
Septic tanks do not require additives to work correctly, but with proper treatment, including regular pumping and protecting the drain field, a septic tank should last for many years. Most homeowners should have their tanks pumped at least once every three to five years, but increasing the number of people living in the home decreases the time the homeowner should wait to pump it again.Full Answer >
To open a septic tank system, first find the system by following the direction of the drain at least 10 feet away from the foundation of the house. Dig the soil away from the top of the tank, and locate an 18-inch square piece of concrete in the middle of the tank.Full Answer >