According to the Farmer's Almanac and Better Homes and Gardens, strawberries of all three varieties should be planted after the first thaw of the spring, as soon as the ground can be worked. Strawberry plants should be placed approximately 20 inches apart, as they tend to sprawl.
After strawberries are initially planted, it is suggested that they be given a year to establish a root structure. This can be helped by cutting the flowers off the strawberry plants in that first year.
The three varieties of strawberry plants are the day-neutral, Everbearer, and Junebearer types. Junebearers are suggested for a home garden. Although they only produce a single harvest, the individual fruits are generally larger than with the other varieties. Additionally, Junebearers are better adapted for a shorter growing season.