A homeowner can service, clean and maintain a Dyson vacuum cleaner by washing the filter, inspecting the electrical cords for wear and tear, unclogging blockages and emptying debris from the hose and canister. Worn belts may need to be replaced to properly maintain the vacuum cleaner.
If the vacuum cleaner is not working properly, inspect the base and remove any debris or excess hair wrapped around the beater brushes to service the cleaner. Homeowners can also remove the front plate of an upright Dyson vacuum cleaner to see if the belts are loose, broken or off the roller. Install new belts as directed in the owner's manual.
Wash or replace filters regularly to ensure the air flow is not blocked within the vacuum cleaner. Clogged filters also reduce the suction and efficiency of the machine. It is also necessary to clean the inner and outer casing of a Dyson vacuum cleaner. Wipe down the areas with a damp cloth and wash any brushes or attachments in a solution of dish detergent and warm water. If routine maintenance and servicing at home does not keep the Dyson vacuum cleaner in working order, a professional may need to investigate further to resolve clogs or problems with the appliance.