The general scientific name for rose is 'rosa.' Different types of roses have different scientific names, all of them containing the term 'rosa'.
Roses belong to the genus Rosa, within the family Rosaceae. The term 'rosa' comes from the Latin word for rose. Some common types of domestic roses include Rosa alba, Rosa centifolia, Rosa damascena and Rosa rugosa. More than one hundred types of roses exist in the world. Roses are ornamental plants grown both indoors and outdoors. They have been cultivated for several millennia, with the earliest accounts dating from 500 BC in China, Persia and Mediterranean countries.