The scientific name for a red maple is Acer rubrum, according to the Arbor Day Foundation. A red maple grows 40 to 60 feet high and has a spread of 40 feet.
Red maples have red flowers and early red leaves that turn green. It is a moderate to fast-growing maple. Red maples are hardy in USDA hardiness zones from 3 to 9 and survive in full sun and almost any soil type. Red maples have an oval shape and make for a good shade tree. In the fall, red maples have yellow or red foliage that accents the landscape.