Citrus limon is the scientific name for a lemon tree, according to Drugs.com. It is in the family Rutaceae, and the common name is lemon.
Although most people use lemon to improve the taste of food, Drugs.com reports that there are a number of benefits to adding lemon to your diet. Lemon has a lot of vitamin C and is known for its high level of potassium. There have been a number of studies that show that eating citrus fruits such as lemon can reduce the risk of diseases such as cancer. Lemon has also shown that it is antimicrobial and is commonly used in homes as a natural cleanser.