Laminate refers to high-pressure laminate, while Melamine is a resin applied to paper during lamination. Colloquially, laminate refers to products created when 1,400 pounds per square inch is used over six to eight layers of kraft paper. Melamine is applied to thin paper on boards with 300 to 500 psi.
Melamine is created under 2 to 3.5 meganewtons of pressure per square meter. The resin, which is the final product, is a durable type of thermosetting plastic bonded with a phenolic resin glue and a resin plastic facing.
Laminate, or high-pressure laminate, is commonly referred to as Formica. It is not attached to a board, and the carpenter has to press it over the board to complete the project.