Groundhogs, also called woodchucks, are expert diggers that can cause a number of problems for homeowners. To remove them, set up large cage traps in the shade, close to their burrows, purchase groundhog repellents or build a fence around the yard or garden.
When using traps to catch and relocate groundhogs, be sure to wear latex gloves when setting up the traps. Groundhogs will avoid anything with a human scent, so this step is especially important. Once the groundhog is captured, release it back into the wild at least 10 miles from the home, to make sure it does not return.
There is no scientific research stating that groundhog repellents work, but homeowners have been using them with success for years. Before buying a repellent, read the instructions and know how often to reapply, because they can wear off very quickly. These repellents do not harm the groundhog; they drive it away with an unpleasant scent.
Fencing is the most expensive and effective way to control groundhogs. Once the other methods have proven successful, build a fence around the yard to keep groundhogs from coming back. fences can be made out of wood or chicken mesh, depending on the budget.
Poisons should not be used to remove groundhogs. It is not a humane method and will do nothing to discourage future infestations.