A top-load washer that is not draining can be fixed by unblocking the drainage hose, unclogging the pump and tightening the drive belt. The exact top-load washer repairs depend on what is causing the problem.
A clogged or kinked drainage hose can cause a washer not to drain. Appliance owners should remove the drainage hose, and attach one end of the hose to a faucet. They should then turn the water on to see if it flows freely through the hose. If not, the hose is clogged and needs to be unblocked to fix the problem. A kinked drainage hose needs to be replaced.
A clogged pump is a common cause for a washer that is not draining. The component is usually located on the side of the motor, and it is attached to a drainage tube. Appliance owners should remove the pump by prying the retaining clips loose with a screwdriver. They should then check the pump for any obstructions, such as socks and other small items of clothing, and clean as necessary to fix the problem.
A loose drive belt can also cause the washer not to drain, and it should be tightened to fix the problem. This is done by loosening the motor mount bolt and pushing the motor back to increase tension on the belt. The mount bolt should be tightened once completed.