Repair a cane chair seat by removing the old materials, softening and preparing the new machine woven cane webbing, pressing it into position and securing the new seat. The process takes about one hour; wait about five days after the repair to use the chair again.
Fixing a cane chair requires a hammer, utility knife, measuring tape, specialty spline removal chisels and wooden wedges. Order the correct size of sheet cane, also known as spline cane, cane paneling or machine cane. The webbing should be at least 2 inches larger than the hole on all sides. The spline should be 4 inches longer than the hole's perimeter. Use white, water-soluble or hide glue.
Make the cane webbing pliable by soaking it in warm water for at least 30 minutes. Remove excess water and center on the chair hole. Set the shiny side face up. Use the wedges and hammer to tamp the webbing into the groove along the hole. Make sure the cane is taut but not tight, since it shrinks as it dries.
Cut extra cane from the outside of the groove. Apply glue to the inside of the groove and then tamp the spline into position on top. Start at the center of the back and work counter-clockwise. Clean excess glue and let dry.