To remove a tree, calculate the felling direction, clear a cutting area, cut a notch at the base of the trunk and insert a felling wedge on the side opposite the notch. Use a chainsaw to cut around the trunk between the notch and the wedge and drive the wedge into the tree to make it fall in the opposite direction.
To safely cut down a tree, run through the following steps.
- Determine the felling direction
- Clear the area
- Get a partner
- Cut off the limbs (optional)
- Cut a notch
- Insert the wedge
- Cut down the tree
The felling direction describes the direction in which the tree falls. Make sure that the area can accommodate the entire tree. If there is no space to accommodate the tree, cut down the tree in sections. The branches can play a role in felling direction. If there are more branches or thicker branches on one side of the tree, it should fall naturally in that direction.
Clear the felling area of any obstructions to avoid damage. Be sure to clear at least two escape routes in case the tree falls in the wrong direction.
Having a partner to serve as a spotter makes the process much safer.
When cutting down a tree in sections, cut off the limbs first to provide a clear path to sections of the trunk.
Cut a notch in the felling direction. The notch should be one-fifth of the tree's diameter and should form a 90-degree angle, with the first 60 degrees towards the top and the remaining 30 towards the bottom. Use a chainsaw to cut the notch.
Make a felling cut around the tree trunk. Stop cutting when the cut is deep enough to insert the wedge. Drive the wedge into the trunk on the opposite side as the notch.
Keep cutting deeper into the felling cut between the wedge and the notch. To fell the tree, drive the wedge deeper into the trunk.