To remove stains from fabrics and other materials, pick the appropriate cleaning agent, such as a detergent or bleach, for the material and staining substance. Gather together a sponge or paper towels for blotting and a soft-bristled brush for rubbing.
Blot the stain
Blot the stain with a clean cloth or sponge as soon as possible. Blot from underneath the stain, pushing the stain up through the fabric. Do not rub the stain, as that can deepen it.
Scrape up solids
For stains from a solid, such as food or mud, scrape up as much of the unabsorbed matter as possible. Use a dull razor or knife.
Test stain remover
Regardless of the type of stain or fabric, test your chosen stain remover on a hidden, inside seam of the fabric. Check for discoloration or thinning of the material.
Apply tested cleaner to the stain
After choosing a suitable cleaner, apply it to the stain. For some cleaners, soak the stained material in the solution. For others, squeeze a small amount of the solution directly onto the stain with an eyedropper. Blot the area, and repeat as needed.
Launder the material
Once the stain is completely removed, it is safe to wash and dry the material in a machine.