Blueberries prefer acidic soil and thrive in a sunny, well-drained location. Raised beds and patio containers are good choices when soil amendment is necessary for proper pH levels. Because the roots of blueberry plants must be kept moist throughout the growing season, plant them where water is readily available. To conserve moisture and provide organic matter for the blueberries, cover the soil around the plants with a 3-inch layer of mulch.Continue Reading
Success in growing blueberries is dependent on planting the varieties best suited to the location and ensuring that the soil has an acidic pH. Consult a local nursery to learn about the best blueberry varieties for the area, and test the soil to determine its pH. If the soil is alkaline, amend it by adding peat moss or humus to bring the pH to a 4.5 to 5.0 level.
Soil amendment is best done a year before planting the blueberries. Dig an 18- by 18-inch hole for each blueberry plant, spacing them five feet apart in rows 10 feet apart. Set each plant into a prepared hole with the root ball level with the soil surface, filling in the hole with soil and tamping it lightly. After planting is completed in the appropriate months, water the blueberry plants thoroughly, keeping them well-watered through the end of September.
Once established, blueberries require little maintenance other than an acid fertilizer application in early spring with a follow-up application in late spring. Always water the plants thoroughly after they are fertilized, and avoid over-fertilizing the plants. Fruit production appears the third season after planting, reaching full production by the sixth year and for many years thereafter. Pick blueberries during July, selecting ones that are of a uniform color and that twist off easily.Learn more about Trees & Bushes