Red cedar is also known as juniper, and the Latin name is Juniperus virginiana. These trees are native to North America and are evergreen. They can grow up to 40 feet tall and 20 feet wide.
Red cedars are often used as windbreaks because they tolerate bad weather well. They can grow in any type of soil, from dry and rocky to swampy. These trees grow in a pyramid shape but, as they get older, can become rounder. The needles are medium green but turn grey green during the winter. Female red cedar trees bear round blue juniper berries.
Red cedar trees reproduce by forming cones with seeds inside. They can also be propagated from cuttings, by grafting, or by air layering. Young red cedar trees often develop a strong root system before they have sufficient top growth. Red cedar trees are most prone to damage from fires, insects and root rot fungus.
Red cedar protects the environment by helping to hold delicate soils in place. It is especially good at protecting soil from wind and dry weather. This tree gives shelter to birds and animals, and the berries are also nutritious and sustaining to different types of wildlife. Cedarwood oil is harvested for fragrances. This tree is one of the most preferred for Christmas trees.