Large appliances such as ovens, refrigerators, washing machines and dishwashers require professional recycling. Some municipalities recycle their citizens' large appliances at no cost, while others require a fee. E-waste companies and some recycling centers dispose of small appliances at little or no cost.
Most appliances contain hazardous materials that make them inappropriate for disposal in landfills or traditional dumps. Appliances such as refrigerators and air conditioners contain volatile gases that are harmful to Earth's atmosphere if released. Other appliances contain toxic chemicals or metals that require removal before disposal. Removing these materials is a task for professionals, and the appliance's owner should never attempt to do it himself.
Scrap merchants and junk yards frequently take large appliances such as washing machines, dryers, ovens and refrigerators. If the appliance has intact parts or a large volume of scrap metal, many such merchants pay the owner for it.
E-waste companies frequently organize events to collect electronic appliances for disposal. These companies frequently only take electronic devices like televisions, computers, tablets and mobile phones. In many cases, e-waste companies provide the appliance's owner with a small payment for his waste.
Owners can usually recycle small appliances such as coffee makers, microwaves and toaster ovens at municipal recycling centers. Most government-owned recycling centers take these sorts of appliances at no charge, while private recycling companies sometimes charge a modest fee for disposing of these items.