The process of growing rice starts with preparing the seeds, planting the seeds, flooding the fields and thinning the seedlings as they grow. During the process, the seedlings require mulching so that the soil retains moisture.
Start by soaking the rice seeds in water for 36 hours. While the seeds dry for 24 hours, prepare the planting site by tilling the soil and adding a generous amount of compost to it. Level the garden bed, and then dig trenches in the soil. If planting more than one row, keep the rows several inches apart. Place the seeds in the trenches, and press them into the soil.
Spread a layer of mulch over the soil to keep the soil moist. Flood the garden with water, or keep the soil moist at all times depending on the variety of the rice. If flooding the plants, keep them perpetually submerged in 1 to 8 inches of water. Once the seedlings reach up to 7 inches tall, thin them out so that there are 3 inches between plants.
After 90 to 180 days, the rice is ready to harvest. The tops of the plant that contain the rice grains turn golden in color and start to bend to the ground. Cut off the heads, and heat them at 180 degrees Fahrenheit for 60 minutes to make the hulls brittle. Remove the hulls, and store the rice.