Q:

What is the procedure for carrying out homemade gasification?

A:

Quick Answer

The process for homemade gasification involves setting up a gas generator in a well-ventilated area, connecting it to an electrical generator or other internal combustion engine, and then feeding fuel into the gas generator until it produces sufficient gas to run the engine. Operators then continue adding fuel to the gas generator for as long as they want to keep the engine running.

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Full Answer

During operation, the gas generator requires periodic monitoring to ensure that flammable syngas does not leak into the surrounding area. While gas generators produce a variety of harmful gases, placing a carbon monoxide detector near the gas generator is an effective way to monitor the machine for leaks.

The type of fuel that operators use largely depends on their preferences. Wood is a very common fuel for these machines, which are known as wood gasifiers or wood gas generators as a result. However, gas generators can burn virtually any type of biomass, including straw, grass clippings and other types of garbage. While burning biomass is cheap and easy, secondary products, such as charcoal, produce higher quality, cleaner syngas.

While connecting the gas generator directly to an electrical generator or other type of piston or turbine internal combustion engine is possible, several gas generator fuels, particularly coal and wood, produce a wide variety of residues that can damage the generator's engine. Many gas generator manufacturers include filtration systems with their products to address this problem. When syngas leaves the generator, it travels through the filtration system, removing tar, creosote and other substances before traveling to engine.

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