Some popular roofing shingles include asphalt, metal, wood, slate and tile. Asphalt shingles are easy to install, affordable and the most frequently used type of shingle. Asphalt shingles can be made from recycled materials and come in a variety of colors. They are prone to damage from high winds and typically need replacement every 20 to 30 years.
Metal, wood, slate and tile shingles are typically more expensive, yet tend to last longer than asphalt shingles. Metal shingles are made from aluminum or coated steel and are energy-efficient and fire-retardant. A metal roof usually lasts 50 years. Wood shingles are usually made from hardwood, such as cedar or redwood, and add rustic charm to a home. When pressure-treated, wood shingles provide fire protection and typically last for 50 years.
Slate shingles are made from a variety of stone or synthetic materials. Stone shingles last longer than synthetic. Slate shingles are typically leak-free and durable, lasting for 50 years or more. Slate shingles give a home a historic look and are popular in the Northeastern United States.
Tile shingles are popular in Mediterranean and Spanish style homes and are often found in the Southwestern United States. Tile shingles are usually made from clay and are durable, usually lasting 80 years. Clay shingles are the heaviest type of roofing material, requiring strong structural support.