Popular types of different driveway surface materials include asphalt, concrete, bricks, gravel and stones. Other popular driveway surface materials are crushed shells, basalt tiles, pavers, and recycled brick, stone and gravel.
Concrete and asphalt are two of the most common choices for a driveway surface material due to their long-lasting resiliency and the smooth, even surface they provide. Concrete and asphalt are relatively inexpensive, with installation costs ranging between $3 and $9 per square foot as of 2015. Common problems that arise over time with asphalt or concrete include cracking, erosion and plant life that grows through the pavement. Concrete and asphalt driveways should be resealed every couple of years or replaced completely if damages are extensive.
Crushed stones or shells and gravel are two of the cheapest materials to provide a lasting surface material to a driveway, with a cost ranging between $1 and $4 per square foot. Gravel with shells or stone is not as rigid as paved surfaces and, as such, does not have many of the drainage problems that accompany a nonporous driveway surface. However, crushed stone and shells do become spread unevenly and develop ruts and unevenness over time. A good border made of wooden beams or plastic is useful for containing the loose material and preventing spillage.