Some plants that live in the neritic zone include kelp, coral, algae, seaweed, seagrass and phytoplankton. The neritic zone is considered the forest of the ocean because it contains a wide array of plant life.Continue Reading
The neritic zone lies above the continental shelf and extends from the low-tide mark to 200 meters below water. Because this zone receives a lot of sunlight and is relatively shallow, plants can root themselves in the ocean floor and still receive the sunlight they need for photosynthesis. The majority of the ocean's small organisms live in this zone because of the well-oxygenated waters, low pressure and fairly stable temperature. Floating microorganisms, called phytoplankton and algae, live in this zone because they demand sunlight for survival.
Coral reefs have thousands of species of brightly colored animal and plant life, and they are found in the neritic zones. The abundance of small creatures in this zone draw in large fish that prey on them. Kelp forests put their roots down in the soil of the neritic zone and provide shelter for fish and crabs and a hunting ground for seals, as well as sharks that prey on seals. The neritic zone is also called coastal waters, coastal ocean and the sublittoral zone.Learn more about Outdoor Plants & Flowers
Most corals feed on phytoplankton, which are plants and algae that flow through the water. Invertebrate larvae, decomposing organic matter and floating plankton are also common food sources. Bacteria from dead plant matter, mucus and other various sources is eaten by corals, and some large corals eat small fish.Full Answer >
The kinds of plants found in the ocean include phytoplankton, seagrasses and algae. While phytoplankton floats on the surface of water, seagrasses root into the ground, and algae attaches to another object.Full Answer >
Amphipods eat decaying plants, algae, seaweed and fish. There are deep sea amphipods and amphipods that live on the shore, eating seaweed and burrowing into the sand. Amphipods may also live in tide pools, near coral reefs or rocks, and are easy to see on the sand.Full Answer >
A list of non-flowering plants would include ferns, algae, rusts and smuts, slime molds, bread molds, mildew and yeast. Non-flowering plants also include truffles, morels and earth tongues. There are also jelly fungi like caloceras, tremellas and coral, tooth and leather fungi.Full Answer >