Caladium, canna, saw palmetto and autumn fern are some plants that grow well in Florida. An annual in most parts of the United States, caladium is winter hardy in Florida and throughout zones 10 and 11. The plant produces colorful spade-shaped leaves in a variety of colors, including red, pink, white and green. Florida gardeners can grow the plant from tubers by planting them from February to May.
Canna plants or canna lilies also grow year round in Florida and stay green when plants in cooler climates lose their foliage. Flowers come in a variety of warm colors, including red, orange and yellow, and the foliage can be green, bronze, maroon or variegated. The plants prefer full sun but tolerate some shade.
The saw palmetto palm tree, Serenoa repens is native to Florida and grows in full sun to partial shade. The tree is slow growing and reaches a height of 6 feet at the rate of only about one inch a year, so gardeners should buy adult plants of the desired size. The plant requires no watering, fertilizing or other maintenance in dry, well-draining soil.
Autumn fern or Japanese shield fern, Dryopteris erythrosora, is a hardy perennial fern, which grows up to two feet, displaying bronze-copper fronds that mature to a dark green. The plants grow best in shady locations with moist soil throughout Florida and resist deer and other wildlife.