Florida landscapes generally include a range of perennial plants from scarlet milkweed and star begonia to African iris and daylily, shrubs and hedges such as bougainvillea and pineland snowberry, and flowering and shade trees including flame of the forest and spicewood. Some other plants are palms, ornamental grasses, fruit trees, vines and vegetable plants.
Many plants that flourish in Florida landscapes are also low-maintenance, meaning that they need little or no extra care or watering. Although fruit trees do require some maintenance, sugar apple, jackfruit, American persimmon, Japanese plum and mango trees thrive in the warm, humid Florida environment. Other common fruit trees are tamarinds, avocado trees, Spanish limes and red mulberries.
The jackfruit tree requires full sun and grows up to 70 feet tall. It produces 50-pound fruits that have a pineapple taste. The lychee tree, which also requires full sun, grows only between 30 to 40 feet tall and produces small, thick pinkish fruits that have an edible white flesh.
Palms and cycads flourish in the subtropical Florida weather as well, with common landscape species including the macaw palm, bamboo cycad and silver palm. The macaw palm is one of the many species that thrives in the wet or swampy soil often found in Florida.