Plant sugar beets in rows in a prepared bed of slightly packed, moist soil after adjusting the pH to the proper range by adding lime. Plant seeds approximately 1-inch apart and 1 1/2-inches deep. Keep the soil moist while seeds germinate.Continue Reading
Choose a sunny location for planting sugar beets. Have the soil pH checked and add lime, if necessary, to adjust the pH to between 6 and 6.5, approximately 30 days before planting. Till to approximately 2 inches and remove any rocks. Remove any weeds that can interfere with the crop.
Plant the seed in rows spaced 18 to 24 inches apart. Plant the seed at 1-inch intervals in the rows. Cover the seed with approximately 1 1/2 inches of soil. Water the sugar beets often. Beets grow best when daytime temperatures average 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit and night temperatures average 40 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Hard freezes stop the growth of sugar beets so plan and plant to avoid extreme cold.
Once seeds germinate and plants have four to six leaves, thin the plants to a space of 10 to 12 inches.
Continue to remove weeds that might compete with the beets for sunlight, moisture and nutrients. When pulling weeds, be careful to avoid disturbing the shallow roots of the sugar beet plants.