Plant raspberries by preparing the soil, planting the bushes 3 feet apart from each other, and tending to the crop regularly. This sets the plants up for a mature harvest that develops in the second growing season. Some raspberry varieties produce a small crop in the first season.
- Prepare the soil
Establish rows that are 8 feet apart, and add compost two weeks before planting. Raspberries grow in USDA hardiness zones 2 through 7, based on the variety. Planting occurs in the early spring in cold climates and in the late winter in southern zones.
- Plant the raspberries
Create a planting hole that is deep enough to give the roots room to grow. Before planting, soak the raspberry plant roots in a bucket of water for up to two hours to provide extra moisture. Place each plant in the ground, and cover the roots with soil. Once the plants are in place, cut each cane to a length of 8 to 10 inches. Add a thick layer of mulch.
- Water and prune the plants
Raspberry plants require about 1 inch of water each week. Summer-bearer raspberries produce one crop each year, and they require pruning in the fall. Cut away older, brown canes, and leave green canes in place. Ever-bearer raspberries produce summer and fall crops, and they do not require pruning. Cut ever-bearer plants back to the soil level after the growing season.