Plant strawberries as soon you can work the ground in the spring, in holes wide and deep enough to accommodate the roots. Keep the crown level with the surface of the ground, and space the plants 4 to 5 feet apart. Mulch the beds to retain moisture and water weekly, providing about 1 inch of water each time.
Plant strawberries in loam with a pH of 5.5 to 7, and start amending the soil a few months before planting. The plants need long hours of sunlight for best production.
Begin a strawberry bed by purchasing disease-free plants from a local nursery. Strawberries produce runners and daughter plants, but the first and second generation plants provide the largest harvest, so eliminate any daughter plants beyond these generations. During the first year, pluck any blossoms that form so they use their energy for developing a strong root system instead of fruit. Add new plants each year to ensure the largest harvest.
Keep plants free of weeds by hand weeding and mulching. At the end of the growing season, after the first couple of frosts, mow the plants to between 1/2 and 1 inch. Add fresh mulch to protect them during the dormant season. Remove this mulch after the frost season.