To plant garlic bulbs, fertilize the soil, plant the bulbs, cover them with soil and mulch, remove the mulch, and water the plants when dry. Plant garlic bulbs in a sunny spot in slightly dry, loose soil. Plant the bulbs in early autumn, and allow eight months for them to mature.
- Prepare the soil
Raised beds are ideal for planting garlic. If raised beds are not available, plant the garlic bulbs in an area with well-drained soil and direct sunlight. Incorporate fertilizer into the soil prior to planting. Provide the plants with fertilizer at the beginning of spring once the bulbs begin to sprout.
- Plant the bulbs
Plant garlic bulbs four weeks before the first frost date. Leave the papery outer layer on each bulb, and plant the bulbs 2 inches deep with the root-ends pointing down. Plant the bulbs 4 to 6 inches apart, and allow 18 inches between rows.
- Add mulch, and water the garlic
Cover each garlic bulb with soil and a thick layer of mulch after planting. After the last frost of the season, remove most of the mulch, leaving only a thin layer to reduce weed growth. Water the plants when the top 2 inches of soil are dry. Harvest the garlic in late summer, after the green foliage has died.