Plant garlic by choosing a location with well-drained soil and plenty of sun and placing the garlic cloves in 2-inch deep holes, the Old Farmer's Almanac advises. Plant the cloves just before the fall frost in order to have spring shoots and a summer harvest.
Garlic thrives in a location with full sun exposure and well-drained, loamy soil with a slightly acidic pH, states the Old Farmer's Almanac. To improve the soil drainage, mix organic material into the soil. After preparing the location, obtain garlic heads from a nursery or seed company. Pull the garlic head into separate cloves without removing the paper husks.
After allowing the cloves to sit out for a few days, plant them in the soil between four and eight weeks before the fall frost, advises the Old Farmer's Almanac. Dig 2-inch deep holes for the cloves that are 4 inches apart. Place the root ends of the cloves down with the pointed ends up. Fill the holes around the cloves with soil. Add a thick layer of straw mulch to the soil surface during the winter to protect the bulbs from the cold. Remove the mulch after the last spring frost, and trim any flower shoots that come up in the spring. In the spring, water the plants every three days or so.