Ficus religiosa is known as the sacred fig tree. The sacred fig is a large evergreen tree that ranges from 60 to 100 feet tall. The trunk of the sacred fig can be as large as 9 feet in diameter.
The sacred fig is native to the Himalayan foothills in Southwest China, Southeast Asia and India. Sacred figs are epiphytic, meaning that they grow on other plants. The oldest documented planting in history is the planting of a sacred fig in Sri Lanka in 228 B.C. Followers of Buddhism and Hinduism consider this tree to be sacred because the founder of Buddhism was sitting under one when he received enlightenment.