To plant a dwarf fruit tree, select the site, prepare the planting hole, place the tree, back fill the hole, and stake and mulch the tree. Dwarf fruit trees must be planted with the graft union, which is located near the base of the trunk, exposed above the soil level.
Dwarf fruit trees should be planted in direct sunlight and grow best in loose, workable soil that is rich in organic matter. Select a site with good soil quality.
Dig a planting hole two to three times the diameter of the tree's root zone to loosen the soil for future root growth. The hole should be just deep enough to keep the graft union above soil level when the tree is placed in the hole. Do not disturb the soil at the bottom of the hole when planting containerized trees. When planting bare root trees, create a small mound in the center of the hole. Remove the container carefully, or spread the bare roots out gently, and place the tree in the center of the hole.
When back filling the planting hole, use the same soil excavated from the hole. Press down on the soil to ensure there are no air pockets. Dwarf fruit trees may need a permanent stake installed to ensure development of a straight trunk. After back filling, add a thin layer of organic mulch to maintain soil moisture and temperature levels.