Plans for building smokehouses cover both wood and concrete block smokehouses, and Living the Country Life provides a step-by-step plan for building a wooden one. The plan suggests using untreated pinewood boards to construct a tall, rectangular box-like structure with metal shelves. It also suggests using a small propane burner to burn alder, hickory or apple woodchips and sawdust.
MeatAndSausages.com has a number of smokehouse plans released by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and North Dakota State University in 1933 and 1965 and which are still relevant, as of 2015. These plans include information on materials, dimensions and cross sections. There are two types of frame smokehouse plans and two concrete smokehouse plans, each of varying size. According to CountryFarm-Lifestyles.com, the amount and type of meat to be smoked determines the necessary size of a smokehouse.
Smokehouse structures generally include a tall or long enclosed section with shelves or hooks, a firebox, a burner or other source of smoke, and a chimney or other form of ventilation. Some smokehouse plans incorporate built-in fuel storage compartments and salt barrels. OutdoorOverload.com provides a step-by-step plan for a wood frame smokehouse with a cinder block base, external fire box and adjacent covered wood rack.