When planning a backyard garden layout, consider the height of target vegetables, choose a location with full sun that has proximity to a water source, and provide good soil for the vegetation. Also consider preventing run-offs, ensuring enough space, avoiding shade and keeping the weeds out.
Whether a backyard garden layout is for a vertical vegetable garden, potted container garden, outdoor or indoor garden, the vegetables should have full access to direct sun. Vegetables such as squash or cucumber provide maximum production, as they grow upward towards the sun, saving valuable space on the garden. Tall vegetables, such as peas, beans or corn, should occupy the north side of the garden. Medium vegetables, such as pumpkins, broccoli and cabbage, should occupy the middle; while the short ones, such as onions, radishes and lettuce, should occupy the south side. The arrangement prevents the tall plants from casting shade on the short vegetables.
Plan to form paths to the vegetables using stepping stones, brick or mulch. Prevent weeds and run-offs by bordering the plants using low-growing shrubs or planting perennials. Design the garden away from large trees to prevent them from blocking sunlight and taking water away from the garden. It is important to provide all the vegetables with enough space for efficient growth.