A pigeon house is a building or attached structure designed for keeping pigeons for meat, pets or sport. Pigeon houses are also called dovecotes, pigeon towers, culveries and columbaria.
Pigeon houses range from elaborate stone towers built in Medieval times to modest wooden structures similar to chicken coops. Some pigeon houses are built as additions onto barns or on the roofs of houses with access provided through the attic. Multilevel pigeon houses provide shelter for large flocks of birds with nesting areas on the lower levels and easy access to the air at the top of the tower, according to The New York Times. Pigeonholes provide a place for the birds to nest comfortably.