Peach trees are available in two types: clingstone and freestone. While Georgia is considered to be the peach state, the first peach orchard was actually established in the state of Florida in 1565.
Peach trees require adequate sunshine to thrive and like deep sandy soil that ranges from loam to clay loam with good drainage. Poor drainage is a common cause of a peach tree’s failure to thrive.
The soil should have a pH of about 6.5 for optimum growth. When planting a peach tree, the soil should be free of clumps and rocks, as the tree’s roots may extend as much as 3 feet into the ground. The planting hole should be large enough for the roots to spread. Soak the soil completely before planting.
Peach trees flower in early spring. The trees are considered full grown when they reach a height of 8 feet and are roughly 16 feet around. Semi-dwarf peach trees are also available and can be grown in small gardens. They take about three years to produce fruit, unlike their larger counterparts, which bear fruit the first year.
Peach trees were originally cultivated in China around 2000 BC. As of 2015, California produces the bulk of the peaches in the United States and has the most peach trees of any state; approximately 65 percent of its total number of trees.