Two methods can be used to paint designs on walls. The first method is stenciling, in which wall designs are created by painting over stencil templates. The second method is mural painting, which involves creating a pattern on transparent paper, creating a grid or using mural stencils.
The first step in painting wall designs is preparing the wall surface. This is done by cleaning away dust, dirt and grease and letting the surface dry. If there are cracks or chips, these must be repaired and repainted to create a smooth surface. Wall stencil designs can be purchased in numerous patterns, and sometimes two or more patters are used. Test wall stencil patterns on a piece of cardboard, a pizza box or an unimportant surface, such as a garage wall.
Creating a sample is a good way to practice stenciling technique and make final decisions about design choices. To create a stencil design, secure the stencil to the wall using several pieces of blue painter's tape. Paint over the stencil using a paint brush roller covered in 2 to 3 tablespoons of acrylic or latex paint. Stay within stencil edges and blot away excess paint. When using two coats of paint, allow the first coat to dry before applying the second coat.
To create a wall mural, draw a design on transparent paper and use a projector to display the image on the wall. Trace the projected image using a pencil and paint inside pattern lines.