In order to complete the project, you need fine-grit sandpaper, painter's tape, multi-purpose latex primer, paint, paintbrushes and acrylic sealer.
If the piece of furniture is especially dirty, wipe it down with a rag and warm, soapy water. Remove any drawers and hardware. Keep the hardware in a bag until the project is complete. Use painter's tape to cover the edges of any area you do not want painted.
With fine-grit sandpaper, sand the surface of the object. To remove a wax or glossy finish, apply a paint de-glosser instead of sanding. After sanding, wipe down the piece to remove any dust. If the antique object has deep scratches or gouges, use wood filler to fill any holes.
Once the piece is sanded, brush on the primer and let it dry. Lightly sand the object again and wipe it down. Brush on the first coat of paint and apply additional coats, as desired. Let each coat dry.
To protect the furniture, spray or brush on two coats of acrylic sealer. Once the object is dry, replace the drawers and any hardware.