Step-by-step directions for making pleated, wooden, pennant, swagged and other style valances are on the HGTV website at HGTV.com. Most valances require either basic sewing or carpentry skills, and equipment such as a sewing machine, drill and staple gun. Momtastic.com offers directions that only require wielding a pair of scissors.
Valances are popular window treatments for adding color, texture and design elements to any room. Wood valances range from ornate hardwood to painted plywood. Fabric is often applied to wooden valances as a finish, or can be draped by itself as a swag or panel.
Traditionally, valances only cover the top of the window and are about 18 inches high, but they can be made in any size or shape to meet design and structural needs. They are sometimes oversized to change the perceived height, width and shape of a window. They can be positioned to hide imperfections in the window frame or surrounding wall.
Valances can be used as stand-alone elements or in combination with other window treatments. For a light, airy look, valances can be used by themselves over bare windows. For a layered design, they can be combined with drapery, shades and blinds. Valances are a good option for kitchen windows where curtains are impractical.