The small black bugs that can be found in beds are appropriately named bed bugs and are scientifically known as Cimex lectularius. They exist throughout the United States in a variety of residencies.
Bed bugs can feed on any warm-blooded animals, but they have earned their name because they are frequently found in human beds. After feeding on blood, they go to a secluded area and hide for as long as five to ten days. If bed bugs are found anywhere inside a place of residency, the resident should contact a pest professional to determine the best course of action.