What Is the Life Cycle of a Seed Plant?

A seed plant’s life cycle begins with a seed that sprouts to produce a tiny plant known as a seedling. The seedling grows into a mature plant that forms a flower that in turn reproduces, forming new seeds that begin the next life cycle.

When a plant produces a seed and it comes to rest in an appropriate place that has conditions suitable for its germination, it breaks open, allowing the embryo inside to begin growing into a seedling. Roots grow to anchor the plant to the ground as well as take up nutrients and water for the plant.

A mature seedling develops flowers. The flowers are involved in sexual reproduction, which involves pollination and fertilization to produce seeds, which start the next cycle.