The type of wood to use when making a workbench depends on factors such as budget, availability, the design of the bench and personal taste. In most cases, soft woods are less expensive but dent more easily, while more expensive hard woods provide greater support and stability.
The first factor to consider when choosing the wood to use in a workbench project is the available budget, as each type of wood carries its own differences in price and function. Projects with a smaller budget may call for soft woods such as birch or pine because they are more prone to damage, thus making them cheaper. These woods are typically lighter than other varieties and are less dense. This means that if something falls onto the wood or hits it, the wood is likely to dent or scratch. Plywood is also a budget-friendly wood choice for designs that have solid support in the legs and upper frame, as it would serve as the seat of the bench.
Projects with a larger budget may incorporate hard woods such as maple or oak, which resist damage better. It is also important to consider the final look of the bench when choosing wood, as some types allow for staining and refinishing more easily than others. Also, a wood that is dry and free of cracks is always better than a wet or damaged piece because it has a better structural integrity.