Ideal flooring for a basement includes ceramic tile, vinyl tile and laminate flooring. Ceramic tile is durable, installs directly over concrete, and water and humidity don't affect it. Ceramic tile works well on uneven or wavy floors that are less forgiving and is strong enough to provide a barrier against the accumulation of moisture and the growth of mold and bacteria.
Because ceramic tiles are placed individually, it is easy to replace a damaged tile. Ceramic tile is easy to keep clean and is an asset in basements where people track in mud or dirt. One drawback to using ceramic tile is that it is cold and hard and does not retain heat well. Wet tiles can also be slippery.
The advantages of vinyl tile are that it looks very similar to natural ceramic or stone, users can install it with or without grout, and it comes in multiple shapes and sizes. It is also warmer on bare feet than ceramic tile and is soil- and stain-resistant.
Laminate flooring's tough coating makes it extremely durable and unlikely to crack or break. It comes in a wide variety of styles and colors, resists moisture and is easy to install. The drawback to using laminate flooring is that a basement floor must be very even, level and smooth for proper installation. Laminate flooring is not as warm as carpet, but one option is to use area rugs. Laminate flooring is essentially high-density fiberboard made of wood, so another drawback is that it does not hold up to flooding or water. If damaged, replacement is necessary.