How does a kerosene heater work?


Quick Answer

Kerosene heaters work by using a wick that has absorbed kerosene, and after being ignited, the flames from the wick enter the burner unit to produce heat. The burner unit is designed to provide oxygen and distribute the flames from the wick, which is controlled by altering the wick's height.

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How does a kerosene heater work?
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Full Answer

After the kerosene inside the fuel tank has been absorbed by the wick, the kerosene undergoes a primary combustion process with the help of a specialized ignition plug. This process causes the kerosene to vaporize and burn in order to create flames and generate heat. The burner unit has a mechanical control that can increase or decrease the amount of air that enters the base of the heater. The height of the flame is also controlled by increasing or decreasing the amount of wick exposed inside the burner.

Kerosene heaters work in the same way as kerosene lanterns or lamps. The wick is typically circular and created using cotton or fiberglass materials. The wick is placed inside the burner unit, and this unit can heat nearby items using radiation or heat the air using convection. The heater can be extinguished by completely lowering the wick into an small area under the burner, which puts out the flame.

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