What Are Irrigation Pumps?


Quick Answer

An irrigation pump is used to push water through the irrigation system – usually from a water source to another location. An irrigation pump is a crucial component of any irrigation system and plays a huge role in the system's success. So, consider the function of the pump and the types that are available.

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Full Answer

There are two main types of pumps. Displacement pumps are primarily used to move either thick liquids (like fertilizers or chemicals) or liquids at high pressure. Since displacement pumps are not often used in an irrigation system, you are most likely considering a centrifugal pump if you are designing an irrigation pump.

Centrifugal pumps spin water at very high speeds through a chamber or casing and are very efficient. This action creates enough pressure to move the water through the system (think of the barrel ride at an amusement park).

In many cases, the irrigation pumps are located in remote areas that are several miles apart and also at a significant distance from the farm shop or headquarters.

Modern irrigation pumps are exclusively of the centrifugal type, which includes conventional centrifugal pumps, mixflow pumps, propeller pumps and deep-well pumps. However, centrifugal pumps are generally more expensive.

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