Installing a heat pump in a residential air conditioning system involves mounting the condenser on a wall, installing the air handler onto a duct and hooking these units up to the appropriate pipes and hoses. This requires some knowledge of a house's existing air conditioning system.
While installing a heat pump is a simple procedure for an air conditioning or plumbing expert, a seasoned do-it-yourself practitioner can install a heat pump with a good amount of preparation and a few extra hands around for the grunt work of lifting the condenser and air handler. A heat pump takes advantage of a house's existing air conditioning system, so installing one does not require breaking into walls and installing ductwork of any sort.
Installing the heat pump also requires knowledge of a residence's current air conditioning system. Due to limitations of the heat pump, the air handler cannot be located more than 33 feet from the condenser. The condenser must be placed in a shaded area low to the ground, and the air handler generally needs to be located in a central room that has available air ducts, in order to achieve the maximum efficiency for spreading the heat around the home.