Cedar trees are evergreen and are part of the pine tree family. Western red cedars can grow to 200 feet tall and are among the largest trees in North America. The Eastern red cedar produces yellow or green blooms in winter, and the tree produces juniper berries after the blooms fall off. Other species of cedar produce cones rather than blooms.
Some species of cedar produce winged seeds with a resin coating that repels insects and animals, and the insect-repellent properties of cedar has made it a popular option for furnishings and other goods. Male cedar trees produce cones that are egg-shaped, while immature female trees produce bright green, barrel-shaped cones. Mature female cedar trees produce cones that are brownish-gray.
Canadian gold cedars have golden-colored foliage, while the foliage on other species of cedar can range from light green to bluish-green in color. The leaves on the tree have a waxy coating that impacts the color of the foliage.
The leaves on a cedar tree are similar to pine needles and form swirls along the branches of the tree. The bark of the tree is thick, ranges from grey-brown to dark brown in color, and features a square-shaped pattern or thick ridges.