Grow garlic from cloves by breaking a garlic bulb apart into separate cloves without removing the husk, choosing a location with full-sun exposure and loamy soil and placing the cloves with the pointing end facing upward. Plant the cloves either in the spring or fall.
First, choose a time to plant the cloves either in the early spring or in the fall before the ground freezes. Next, choose a good location for the cloves that contains well-drained loamy soil with a neutral or slightly acidic pH. The location needs to have full-sun exposure for the best growth. If the soil isn't light enough, amend it with organic material. Dig holes that are at least 2 inches deep with 4 inches between each hole. Place the cloves with the root-ends down, and cover with soil.
If you are planting the clove in the fall, mulch the ground during the winter. Water the clove regularly during the growing season, every three to five days. Snip off any flower shoots to concentrate the plant's energy on growing the bulb. Fertilize the plant with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer whenever the leaves of the shoots start to yellow. Harvest the bulbs once the tops start to yellow.