Grow coffee plants by pregerminating the seeds, planting the seedlings in nursery beds or pots, transplanting the plants once they are at least 8 inches tall, choosing a good permanent location for the plants, watering the plants properly and fertilizing them.
- Pregerminate the seeds
Fill a container with sand. Spread the coffee beans on the bed of sand. Soak straw or burlap sacks with water, and cover the seeds with them.
- Plant the germinated seeds
Once the seeds start to sprout, transfer them to small pots or nursery beds. Fill the pot or bed with a mixture of manure, phosphate fertilizer and soil. Plant the germinated seeds in the soil. If using a nursery bed, keep the plants 5 to 6 inches apart. Shade the seedlings from the sunlight half the time, gradually working the shade away until the plants can tolerate full sunlight.
- Choose a good transplantation site
When the plants are between 8 and 16 inches tall, prepare to transplant them to permanent beds or bigger pots. Choose a site that receives part or full sun with high humidity. The soil needs to be well-drained, slightly acidic and rich. Add peat moss to improve drainage.
- Transplant the plants
Transplant the plants into larger pots or a permanent bed. If using pots, repot the plants every spring in larger pots.
- Water the plants
Give the coffee plants plenty of water. Remember, these plants are native to tropical areas where rainfall is plentiful.
- Fertilize the plants
Fertilize the plants regularly using a weak fertilizer. Fertilize less often during the winter.