Grow bananas by choosing a good location, planting at the right time, preparing the soil, watering the plant well, adding fertilizer and wrapping the plants during the winter. You need water, fertilizer, compost, well-drained soil, a pot, fleece and a trowel.
- Choose a good location
Plant banana plants in an area that provides shelter from wind. Make sure the soil is well-drained. If the banana plants are of a smaller species, plant them in containers that can be brought inside during the winter.
- Plant at the right time
Plant banana plants during the late spring. In order to produce fruit, the plants need 19 months with temperatures between 60 and 81 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Prepare the soil
Before planting, mix organic matter, such as compost, into the soil along with controlled-release fertilizer.
- Plant the bananas
Plant the banana plants in the prepared soil.
- Water the plants
Water the plants well after planting, particularly in the spring and summer. Reduce waterings during the autumn. In the winter, water only when the soil is dry.
- Fertilize the plants
Fertilize the plants regularly. Feed the plants a liquid fertilizer once a week. Reduce this during the fall and winter.
- Wrap the plants
During the winter, wrap the plants in fleece to insulate them from the cold.
Bananas are related to ginger and ornamental plants such as birds of paradise, amaranths and canna lilies. Bananas do not grow on trees, but rather plants. The plant grows up to 25 feet tall and can develop leaves that extend up to 9 feet in the air. The plants require dark and fertile soil and steady warmth and moisture. Banana plants do not tolerate extreme winds or temperatures. The first flower of the banana plant emerges about six months after planting. The banana bunch can be harvested between nine and 12 months later. They are ready to be picked when they appear well-rounded and the little flowers at the end of the fruit are dry and rub off.
Banana plantations are commonly found in South America, Central America and the Caribbean. The plantations require many resources, such as transport, irrigation, drainage and packing facilities, for the bananas to be harvested and exported. Bananas are harvested while they are still green and are sent to be inspected before being exported.